Are you planning to have a baby? But I don’t know how to prepare for a safe and healthy pregnancy. The following article will provide useful information that future mothers need to know before deciding to become pregnant.
Why is readiness for pregnancy so important?
If you are not ready to become pregnant, you may unknowingly not know the length of time you may be pregnant, when the pregnancy is about 2-3 weeks. Between 2-8 weeks after conception, the baby is usually very sensitive, that’s when organs like the baby’s heart begin to form. Anything you do, like eating, drinking, smoking, or being exposed at this time, can seriously affect a baby. Therefore, carefully monitor your health situation and start a reasonable resting diet when you realize your body is really pregnant.
When should you see a doctor about pregnancy?
Before deciding to become pregnant, you should conduct a general health examination to be the best preparation. In the unfortunate case of diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes, depression. Then quickly talk to your doctor to find the best interventions if you do not want the other diseases to affect. to the pregnancy and your baby.
In addition to a physical examination, you can talk to your doctor about your diet, habits, lifestyle and concerns, in order to get the best preparation for your pregnancy. Upcoming.
After pregnancy, you also need to regularly discuss with your doctor and carry out regular pregnancy checks to make sure you and your baby are safe.
What foods should you add?
The food that moms eat is also the essential nutrition needed to feed the baby. Foods such as soda, chips, etc. will not have the healthy nutrients provided to the fetus. During this time, pregnant women need to tolerate large amounts of calcium, folic acid, protein and iron, …
So talk to your doctor about essential nutrients and how to help you get enough in your daily diet. You may also need to make some changes if you follow a vegetarian diet or lose weight. Discuss with your doctor before you decide to take extra vitamins and minerals in the period before, during and after pregnancy because some vitamins taken in high doses can harm an unborn baby.
Why is folic acid supplementation so important for pregnant women?
Pregnant women who do not get enough folic acid during pregnancy are more likely to have a serious baby problem in their brain or spinal cord. Therefore, women should take folic acid supplements before becoming pregnant because the baby’s brain and spinal problems usually develop very early in pregnancy, only about 3-4 weeks after conception.
Pregnant women need about 0.4 mg of folic acid per day. You can take vitamin pills as directed or eat a lot of green leafy vegetables and brightly colored fruits like cantaloupe, oranges, bananas in combination with drinking milk, eating cereals and animal organs like chicken liver .
Weight during pregnancy, is it important?
Weight control during pregnancy is extremely important and you need special attention because whether underweight or overweight can adversely affect the development of the fetus and the health of the mother.
If you’re overweight, you’re at higher risk of diabetes and high blood pressure during pregnancy than others. Therefore, if you are overweight before pregnancy, use the pre-pregnancy time to lose weight if necessary.
And in case you are underweight, the fetus is at risk of malnutrition causing the baby to be born prematurely and the birth weight will be low, less than 2.5kg and suffer from bacterial infections.
Do you get exercise during pregnancy?
You can still exercise during pregnancy as long as these exercises are perfectly suitable for the intensity of the exercise because it will make the pregnancy easier and the birth process will be easier.
But if you exercise too much and with high intensity, pregnancy can be more difficult. And exercising too much even once can be dangerous for the fetus. If you haven’t exercised before then start exercising before getting pregnant by walking every day. Talk to your doctor about the best exercise plan for you this time.
Do you need to change your habit?
The habit of using tobacco, alcohol or other stimulants can harm your baby and may even cause miscarriage. If you are in the habit of using tobacco, alcohol or other stimulants, you should consult your doctor for help giving up as quickly as possible. Specifically, smoking can cause miscarriage, hemorrhage, premature birth and low weight. It is also related to sudden infant death syndrome with no known cause. In addition, smoking will slow a child’s brain development.
Drinking alcohol during pregnancy can cause an alcoholic fetal syndrome. This can lead to birth defects that include mental problems, slow growth, facial and head defects that are too small. Doctors don’t know how much alcohol to cause this syndrome, so it’s important to avoid alcohol completely while you’re pregnant.
Is temperature dangerous for pregnant women?
Soaking in a hot tub can hurt your baby if you are pregnant in the first trimester of pregnancy. Some studies show that high temperatures caused by a fever, hot bath or hot tub for the first 3 months can cause birth defects.
Can things around the workplace or home harm pregnant women?
Pregnant women should generally avoid certain hazards including radiation, heavy metals such as copper, lead and mercury, carbon disulfide, acids and anesthetic gases. For safety, talk to your doctor about your workplace and home environment to find out if there are any dangers. If anything could harm your baby at work, you can use special clothing or equipment to protect your baby, even if you need to relocate briefly. before and during pregnancy.
Should we take medicine while pregnant?
Both prescription and over-the-counter medicines can affect the baby. Therefore, you must consult your doctor before taking any prescription or over-the-counter medicines. If you need to take medication regularly for health issues such as asthma, seizures, thyroid problems or migraines, talk to your doctor about your treatment and reduce any risks. Can affect the baby during pregnancy.
What tests may need to be done before pregnancy?
You may need to have some tests to find out if you have a problem that could harm you or your baby during pregnancy. For example, rubella, if you’re not sure if you’ve been immunized against it, a blood test can find the answer. Rubella while you are pregnant can be very harmful to your baby. Therefore, you should be vaccinated against rubella before pregnancy.
exually transmitted infections (STIs) should also be screened, diagnosed and treated before pregnancy because gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis and AIDS can make it difficult to conceive or harm. for you or baby. In addition, your doctor may want to perform some tests depending on your risk of other diseases such as anemia or hepatitis, etc.
If you have health problems?
Diabetes, high blood pressure or problems with your blood circulation may need more attention during pregnancy. These are all illnesses that can be intervened or controlled well before you become pregnant.
Is the baby at risk for genetic problems?
Your child may be at risk for certain genetic problems. For example, cystic fibrosis and sickle cell anemia can be an example of conditions in which a baby can later be inherited. Talk to your doctor about your risk factors and conduct screening tests as necessary.
Hopefully this article has added the necessary information, to help future mothers confidently enter the pregnancy period!